NELLORE District situated
in the South Eastern portion of the state with a costal length of 163 KM
bounded by Bay of Bengal on the East. The district was known as VIKRAMA
SIMHAPURI until 13th Century and later it came to be referred to as Nellore.
Historically the district was under the rule of mouryas,
sathavahanas, pallavas, cholas, telugcholas, kakatias, pandyans etc. The
great Telugu poet Tikkana Somayaji translated 15 parvas of Sanskrit
Mahabharata into Telugu in Nellore.
The city derives its name
from the Tamil, “nelli” which means rice, as paddy cultivation is the
predominant occupation in this
region. Nellore has a long history that streches back to the 6th century A.D. Once
ruled by the Pallava and Chola dynastics, Golconda vassals, Nawabs of Arcot
and the Vijayanagara kings, Nellore, which was in the erstwhile Madras
State, became a part of Andhra Pradesh in 1956.
Nothing certain is known
of the History of Nellore before the time of
Cholas. The Neolthic age in Nellore
is more abscure than the Paleolithic age. It
is not clear up to what extent this district was occupied by the Dravidains.
It is supposed that Nellore
was situated in Dandakaranya forests into
which the Aryas first penetrated as
adventurous sages with the rise of the Mouryan
Empire Nellore also seems to have under its
influence and was part of the Ashoka Empire
in the 3rd century B.C. It was next included in the Pallava Dominion between the fourth and
sixth century A.D.
Satish Dhawan Space Research Centre (SHAR) near Sullurpet has the worldwide
significance of Scientific importance. Nelapattu is a beautiful Bird sanctuary where Pelicans, Flamingo, Strocks
and other 20 variety of birds comes from other countries and stays from
October to February, March every year.
Pulicat lake is an important sight seeing place extended to about 12 Kms
where storck and other birds from various countries comes in November, lays
eggs, leaves the chicks there and left the place.
Beach resorts like Mypadu, Tupilipalem, Krishnapatna port, Somasila Dam and
Kandaleru Dam is beautiful holidays resort.
Sri Ranganayukula Swamy temple at Nellore, Sri Narasimha Swamy at
Penchalakona, Kamakshi Temple at Jonnawada, Narasimha Swamy temple at
Narasimhakonda, Kasumuru and AS Pet darghas are religious importance. Udayagiri Fort and Bhairavakona are historical places of importance.
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